A Quick Guide To Citing Sources In A Research Paper

Citation indicates the sources of information used in a research paper. It is a compulsory component of a successful research paper as it helps avoid plagiarism and saturates your work with facts and arguments. As a matter of fact, a single standardized method of citation has not been developed yet. This causes problems for students and scientists. Here are some recommendations that will make your life easier:

  1. Make notes.
  2. Making notes simply on a sheet of paper or saving the information about the sources you use during the work on your computer will save your time at the end of your research. When the time comes to write the list of the literature used, you will no longer need to look for the books or newspapers again, or, worse, surf the Internet seeking this or that document.

  3. Consider the type of the source.
    • a) When you cite a book, indicate the author (authors), book title, city of publication, publisher and year of publication.
    • b) In the case of articles in periodicals, indicate the author of the article, title of the article, title of the periodical, its volume number, and do not forget to indicate the pages on which the article is printed.
    • c) If you use materials from an article published in a sampler to the information mentioned above, add the name of the publishing house and the title of the book or miscellany.
    • d) When citing a document posted on the Internet, mention all the information you would enter in the case of printed media and add the Internet address.
  4. Learn different styles.
  5. You should get acquainted with the following three most popular styles to distinguish between the approaches and data sequence:

    • a) MLA Style:
    • Murphy, Raymond, and Miles Craven. English Grammar in Use. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011

    • b) APA Style:
    • Murphy, R., & Craven, M. (2011). English Grammar in Use. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    • c) The Chicago Manual of Style:
    • Murphy, Raymond, and Miles Craven. English Grammar in Use. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2011

  6. Consult your instructor to decide on the citation style.
  7. First and foremost you should stick to the rules mentioned in the assignment. If there are no requirements as to the citation style, consult your professor.

  8. Stick with the same style throughout all your work.
  9. After you decide on a particular citation style, be attentive not to change it during your research paper. Logical and constant recording of your research is a plus to you!

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